NSA Security/Health report – Ebola situation – 19.12.2014

The current Ebola outbreak began in March 2014 and is still ongoing in Liberia, Guinea Conakry and Sierra Leone. The number of new cases in Liberia seems to have stabilized. Sierra Leone is still seeing a relatively steep increase in the number of new cases. Guinea Conakry has the fewest cases of the three. See graph. To date, the WHO has recorded a total of 18.464 cases and 6.841 deaths. Nigeria, Senegal and the DRC have been declared Ebola free by WHO.

Keeping the supply lines open The UN has underlined the importance of keeping trade and supply routes open in order to fight Ebola and to avoid economic collapse. There was a considerable drop in cargo volumes as weakening local economies hit import levels, and uncertainty about the risk of contamination hit export levels. Between August 1 and October 13 2014, 364 vessels called at ports in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, according to Lloyd’s. “Next port”, policy The four port states that are most frequently visited after port calls to an Ebola affected port are Spain and the Canary Islands, Morocco, Germany and the US. In Spain and Canary Islands all vessels must submit their Maritime Declaration of Health prior to arrival at Spanish ports. Spanish health authorities have stated that they will take all necessary precautions, including inspections and shore leave prohibition for vessels arriving from – or having recently visited - Guinea Conakry, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Nigeria. There is no specification of what a “recent” means. Masters are required to report crew member with illness symptoms in the Maritime Declaration of Health. The Moroccan Ministry of Health has implemented control measures to tackle the Ebola outbreak at ports that receive cargo ships, and at its borders, including the Casablanca airport that links Morocco to Conakry. Germany has implemented active measures to quarantine those that show symptoms of Ebola at all its ports. Several other European countries have similar policies. The US Coast Guard will review all notice of arrivals to check if a vessel has visited an affected nation. Vessels must inform the US Coast Guard and relevant port authorities of possibly infected crew. Port calls in Ebola affected countries. Policies by owners, crew organizations and WHO. Several box lines maintain services to these countries, while others avoid them. There have been calls from shipping companies to simplify procedures to avoid to many official ship visits. The main international (as well as Norwegian) shipping bodies and crew unions have implemented the following policy related to operations in Sierra Leone, Guinea Conakry and Liberia: § Port calls are accepted, as long as necessary precautionary measures are implemented. § Shore leave should be restricted. § Crew change is discouraged. Guidelines and crew policy by: · ITF, ICS and IMEC guidelines · WHO and ILO joint statement · Norwegian seafarer organizations · POEA Preventive measures We are not aware of reports of seafarers having contracted the Ebola virus. Some have tested for the virus, but no positive results. Adequate preventive measures should be implemented on board. These are simple and very effective, if followed. Please refer to the advisory developed by Norwegian Shipowners’ Association and the Norwegian Institute for Public Health. Also, see guidelines issued by WHO. Your comments and questions are welcome. With kind regards Norwegian Shipowners’ Association, Contingency Planning Secretariat beredskap@rederi.no Crisis Management Support +47 90095001 Haakon Svane, Director: Email - hs@rederi.no, Mob: +47 901 99 082 Line Falkenberg Ollestad, Consultant: Email - lfo@rederi.no, Mob: +47 924 41 860